1. Sarajevo: Under Siege War Tour
Start your tour with transportation to the War Tunnel Museum. On the way (25-30 minutes) receive a short introduction to the topics of the war and see important sites and buildings with your own eyes, that you will later hear about again in the museum. Arrive at the Tunnel of Hope, learn about the position of the museum and its famous mark in front of the entrance named "Sarajevo Rose". After seeing a short movie, a one-hour long presentation starts, which will explain the fall of Yugoslavia, the war in Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina and the creation and importance of the tunnel. After the Tunnel, head toward the 1984 Olympic mountain Trebević, which is the closest mountain to the center of Sarajevo and was part of the front line during the siege of Sarajevo. At the site, you have the opportunity to see and walk on the former bobsleigh and luge track and experience the most beautiful panoramic views of Sarajevo which unfortunately were also the main positions of the enemy army. Just under the Trebevic Mountain lies the second largest Jewish cemetery in Europe. The cemetery contains unique shaped tombstones that can only be seen in Bosnia and Herzegovina. It is believed their shape is influenced by medieval Bosnian tombstones that are named "Stecak". Head towards the old Ottoman part of the city to visit the White and Yellow Fortresses. They both provide breath-taking views of the old part of the city. The last stop of the tour is the "Shehidi" (Martyr) cemetery, the resting place of the soldiers that gave their life for independent Bosnia and Herzegovina. In the heart of the cemetery lies the grave of the first Bosnian president Alija Izetbegovic.